Port Blair is the capital of the Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and it is also the gateway to the beautiful chain of islands. It is located on the east coast of the South Andaman Island. Port Blair is the only city in the Territory, rest of the Islands in the Andaman and Nicobar have a rural setup.
Few places in Andaman Islands like Rangat and Diglipur have gradually developed into small towns over a period.
Port Blair is an Island town thats offers water sports activities like snorkeling, scuba diving, sea-cruises in addtion to the glimpses of the penal history and culture of the region. The Aberdeen Bazaar forms the centre of the town. Majority of the restaurants and hotels are around this area. The main bus station is just west of the bazaar and the Airport 4 Kms. to the south west. The main passenger dock for inter island ferries Phoenix Bay Jetty is 1 Km. to the North West.
Port Blair region has nearly 45% of A and N population. Port Blair has a large proportion of the population engaged in services including Public Administration.
Latitude : 11.66845856334245 |
Longitude : 92.737149206543
: Snorkeling, Boat Ride, Scuba Diving, Sea Walk, Jet Ski, Trekking
What to wear
: Cotton outfits, Hats, sunglasses, sunscreen lotion
Mode of Transportation
: Bus. Boat, Cars
Departure / Return Location
South Andaman was inhabited by the native Great Andamanese before the British established their colony . The Capital city Port Blair is named after the British Captain Archibald Blair. Cap. Blair and Col. Colebrook of the East India Company surveyed the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1788.
Encouraged by the survey, a small settlement on the Chatham Island was established in 1789. The Port Blair was then called Port Cornwallis (after Charles Cornwallis the then Governor General of India from 1786-1793 and 1805). The colony was abandoned in 1796 due to ill health of the residents.
On 10th March 1858 James Pattison Walker arrived with 200 convicts to recolonise the Island. Walker initially set up Headquarters of the new settlement at Chatham Island but due to water scarcity moved the Headquarter to Ross Island. Convicts were kept in thatched roofed barracks that kept leaking during the rains. Later a Jail at Viper Island was contrcuted during 1864-67.
The native Great Andamanese were not happy about the British activity in their Island and they planned a massive attack on 17-May-1859 at Aberdeen. The natives were killed in great numbers during the battle (Battle of Aberdeen).
On 26th June 1941 at IST 4.21 PM, an earthquake of great magnitude hit the South Andaman and damaged a number of buildings on the Ross Island and nearby Aberdeen village at Port Blair. The Japanese forces occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands on 23 March 1942. The civilians and shop owners were forced to leave the Ross Island. Japanese forces converted Ross island into a Military Base. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose visited Andaman islands on 29 December 1943. He stayed at Ross Island in the former Govt. House of the then Chief Commissioner.The allied forces reoccupied the Islands on 7th October 1945.