Life at Andaman and Nicobar Islands
There are many misconceptions about the type of Human race (s) residing in this Islands.
Thanks to the TV Channels and other national media who had repeatedly broadcast nice documentaries on the
Aboriginal tribes of Andaman & Nicobar Islands in past. Those commentaries collectively contributed to the confusion among fellow human beings residing elsewhere in the world. Few people even think that since Andaman is part of India it should be possible to travel to this place by Train!
Who live in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Most of the convicts / freedom fighters who were sent from Mainland India to these Islands during the British era never returned back to their home. Probably because no home actually was left for them back in the Indian mainland. The Govt. ( British) from 1926 onwards started providing land to 'The Convicts' and this policy helped in the colonisation of this Islands.
A sizeable population of Govt. servants & small traders arrived to the Islands to support the life
at Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Government job is still much coveted in these Islands and there are about 37,000 of them in these Islands.
Republic day 2016
Sunday "Haat" at PortBlair
Later during 1953 AD (and few during 1949-52) refugees living at various refugee camps in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh were encouraged to come to these Islands, where the Indian Government readily provided free of cost land for dwelling and farming. The settlement costed the GOI (Govt. of India) around INR 2000 for each family those days. More detailed information is available in our Settlers Information
The tribal population was living elsewhere in the Islands away from the normal dwellings ever since British occupied Andaman Islands.
The Indian government recognizing this place as a strategic defence position kept strengthening the
Military, Navy, Air force and Coast Guard establishments. A sizeable ex-servicemen families were also allotted land in this Islands.
Petrol Pump at Bhatubasti
Cellular Jail and GB Pant Hospital
Andaman Trunk Road Convoy
Historical Clock Tower
Present Life :
according to 2011 census is 3,80,581 (including all the islands).
As the early torch-bearers of the population at Andaman & Nicobar were british political prisoners
(freedom fighters) - various social division based on caste, religion, creed, language, region etc. is totally non existent.
This fact makes Andaman Nicobar Islands the only place rightly to be described as "real and Mini-India".
The life is simple in these Islands, and people usually earn well to cope up with the high cost of living. Government policies for the below mentioned has offered some respite from higher cost of living:
1. Cheaper Fuels:
Petrol , Diesel and LPG prices are lower as compared to Mainland India.
2. Cheaper Vehicles:
An average car costs around 50 thousand Rupees cheaper than Mainland India due to low taxes and the policy of collecting yearly road taxes.
3. Free Healthcare:
100 % free health facilities and medications at all the Govt. Hospitals.
4. Subsidized Cost of transport
: The cost of tickets for Ship , Helicopter and intra-island transportation is lesser than Non-Residents.
There are not much avenues to spend money for the localities - the habit of eating out and partying
is still not common, There is hardly any night life in Andamans [No pubs, No discos :-)] and after
9.30 pm the streets are deserted. Family gatherings and picnics are high on weekend agenda.
Spa at Port Blair
Overall these practices have helped the community to come closer.
Unlike the cities elsewhere, people in Andaman and Nicobar tend to know almost everybody they come
across in everyday life. The people do not visit Mainland India usually unless they are compelled to do so - very few actually visit for sightseeing tours! The visit to Mainland India for the localities is limited
either to their native states (if they still have relatives there) or for treatment in
speciality hospitals in Chennai.
The language for communication among the masses is Hindi (Andaman Hindi). Other languages / mother tongues are confined to the homes and community gathering. Major Languages spoken are Hindi,
Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, Nicobari and English.
There is only 1 Lok Sabha (MP) Seat for the whole
Andaman & Nicobar Islands .
Education at Andaman & Nicobar
The literacy rate of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is around 90.27%. As per 2015 records, more than 90000 students were enrolled in various schools and colleges in the Islands. There is no state board in these Islands and all schools are affiliated to CBSE ( Central Board of Secondary Education ).
There are 218 primary schools, 43 Pre-Primary schools, 84 Middle schools, 52 secondary schools and 60 higher secondary schools in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. There are about 84,000 students in these schools.
The following institutes supplement the need of higher education :
Andaman and Nicobar Institute of Medical Sciences (ANIIMS : Medical college run by Government of India )
Jawaharlal Nehru Rajkeeya Mahavidyalaya (JNRM : Government College)
Mahatma Gandhi Govt. College ( MGGC : Government College)
Andaman College ( ANCOL : Government College)
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Institute of Technology ( DBRAIT : Government Polytechnic)
Industrial Training Institute (ITI)
District institute of Education & Training (DIET)
Govt. B.Ed. College
2015 saw a major change when the Islands received their own Medical College (Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences) with an intake of 100 MBBS Students. Starting 2016 the islands are geared up to receive their first Law School. The students from the Islands also seek higher education at Indian mainland (at various states) for which Indian Government has made appropriate reservations at various professional and academic colleges around the country (around 200 seats of various faculties). The students get admission in the colleges as GOI
(Government of India nominees - Such nomination scheme is also seen at North-eastern states and Jammu
and Kashmir). | More on higher education
School at Rangat
School at PortBlair
Health Services at Andaman and Nicobar Islands
There are 3 Secondary care Hospital, 4 Community Health Centres, 21 Primary Health Centres , 5 Urban Health Centres, 102 Primary Health Sub Centres and 8 Dispensaries. There are 285 Doctors in the government sector. Super specialty facilities like Neurology, Urology, Gastroenterology etc is negligible (or non existent) at Andaman & Nicobar Islands. There is a set up of telemedicine at GB Pant Hospital which is intended to seek expert guidance and continued medical education from Apollo Hospital & Ramachandra Medical College at Chennai.
The telemedicine network is established under the guidance of ISRO, which uses INSAT 3B directly to connect the hospitals. In practice these tele-medicine network have by far proved to be less worthy than the hype it has maintained. | More about healthcare at Andaman Nicobar
The super specialty cases are referred to notified Hospitals at Chennai and Kolkata.
The only staple crop cultivated at islands is paddy. Gross Area under Paddy is ~ 11000 hectares, The cultivation area is decreasing gradually as the total area under paddy cultivation was around 12000 hectares in 1990. The production of rice is only around 20,000 metric tonnes.
The extent of industrialization is evidenced from the fact that this islands
only have 5 Large/Medium Scale Industry !.
The number of fair price shops in the Island is 460 (all Government, Co-operative and private sectors).
Municipal Council 1, Municipal Ward 18 and 67 Panchayats