Barren Island | A & N Islands | India

Barren Island (12.29° N, 93.87° E):

There are around 500 active volcanoes on earth presently.
Few Major Volcanoes on earth :

Sl.No Volcano Name Country
1 Etna Italy
2 Fujiyama Japan
3 Mount Asama Japan
4 Cotopaxi South America
5 Acancagoan South America
6 Parakutien and St. Helensa N America
7 Kilavea and Monaloa Hawaii
8 Mayon Philipines
9 Vesuvius Italy
10 Barren Island India
11 Stromboli Italy
12 Hycla Iceland
13 Surtse Iceland

The Barren Island Volcano : Andaman Sea

The Volcano

The Barren Island Volcano

The Island Volcano

Barren Island from Ship

Erupting Volcano

Barren Island volcano India

Erupting Volcano

Barren Island houses the only active volcano in India. The volcanic island lies only 135 kilometers east from Port Blair (South Andaman). The volcano in the Barren Island is a Stratovolcano (Stratovolcano and Sheild volcano are types of volcanoes)
About 135 km North-NorthEast of Barren Island is Narcondum Island with a volcano with no activity in history.

Barren Island is roughly circular with a diameter of ~3 km and represents the topmost part of a submarine volcano rising more than 2 km above the sea floor. The highest point of the Barren Island volcano is ~200 metres from sea level. Barren Island is well known for its unique fauna and flora, including feral goats, as well as fruit bats, parrots and large number of rats. [Alcedo Volcano in Isabela Island in the Galapagos are also known to have plently of feral goats.]
There were past reports about the Barren Island that there are no fresh water source in Barren Island and the animals in the Island have adapted themselves to drink sea water is incorrect. Atleast 2 fresh water streams have been discovered in the Island and there is probability of more.
Volcano Eruptions : 1787–1832, 1991, 1994–95 and 2005–06. 2008-2009
During January and February 1995, a thick column consisting of pale brownish gas, dark ash particles, and white steam was rising ~200 m from the crater area at intervals of 30 seconds, accompanied by continuous rumbling and intermittent "cracking" sounds.
On 9 March at around 0530 GMT astronauts on the Space Shuttle noticed a small plume rising from Barren Island. A short video recording (~15 seconds) showed a "V" shaped plume that extended for ~3 km before dispersing.

Aerial image of Barren Island

Aerial image

How to go there:
It is a uninhabited Island and no one is allowed to land on Barren Island unless special permission(s) are granted by Indian Navy and Govt. of India. Though it is possible to observe the Island from onboard boats/ships for which no permission is required. Some travel agents organise fishing trips to Barren Island from Havelock. The nearest inhabited island is Havelock and Neil Island and the distance from there to barren is about 83 kilimetres. The Andaman Administration started ship trips to Barren Island for tourists (They were not allowed to set foot on Barren Island though) but discontinued the arrangement within few months probably because of operational costs.

© 2015 ExploreAndaman.com. All Rights Reserved